8 Things You Must Know About Smoking

#1. How is Dependency Created?

The startup is mainly due to social (personal status) and fashion pressures and gradually a behavioral and psychological as well as physical or pharmacological dependency is established.

The cigarette is the solution to stress situations, promoting the ego, or simply a habit.

For most, it is a feeling of pleasure, relaxation, spiritual arousal and thus increase use.

The pharmacological dependence, caused by the addiction to nicotine, is established after a long time and "requires" a certain amount of intake daily to prevent symptoms of deficiency.

#2. What is the Dependency Mechanism?

With the first puff of nicotine the flash reaches a sharp 7-10 in the brain and slowly creates dependency.

It works on cholinergic receptors and stimulates them through dopamine secretion, providing a sense of pleasure, good mood, and concentration.

Lack of dopamine creates a need for nicotine.

The number of receptors for nicotine-sensitive receptors increases with the degree of smoking, and of course this mechanism is the same for all addictive substances.

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#3. What Factors Affect Dependence?

Individuals and environmentalists, such as personality, lifestyle, social environment, smoking parents, stress and stress of daily living.

Genetic factors that influence the metabolism and bioavailability of nicotine are also responsible.

People who metabolize it slowly, have a lower risk of lung cancer, smoke less, and are more likely to quit smoking.

#4. What Can Cause Smoking?

Cancer: Smoking is responsible for about 30% of cancers in general and about 90% of lung cancers, as well as for most cancers of the larynx and upper respiratory tract.

Respiratory problems: Causes bronchitis , mucus secretion, cough, and throat irritation.

15-25% of smokers develop bronchopulmonary disease and also chronic respiratory lung disease (COPD), because carbon monoxide replaces oxygen in the blood.

Cardiovascular Disease: It increases the risk of heart attack and atherosclerosis, because nicotine increases heart rate, blood pressure and blood vessel contraction.

Other: Plays an active role in the development of duodenal ulcer and diabetes.

It is responsible for premature menopause and osteoporosis, reduces fertility and accelerates skin aging.

Lastly, it reduces appetite and increases metabolism.

#5. What Can It Cause in Pregnancy?

50% of women smoke before pregnancy and only 75% of them stop smoking during pregnancy.

So 1 in 4 pregnant women smokes, knowing that it hurts, without knowing exactly the risks.

Smoking in pregnancy increases spontaneous miscarriages, reduces fetal growth, motility and increases heart rate.

Newborns are underweight and have a doubled risk of mortality, with an increased risk of pneumonia and asthma.

Unfortunately, 70% of women who quit smoking resume smoking within 3 months of giving birth.

#6. What Effect Does Passive Smoking Have?

Passive smoking for people in the smoking environment corresponds to 0.1-2 cigarettes per day, and the expired tobacco contains more toxic than the primary tobacco inhaled by the smoker.

In general, passive smokers have an increased risk of 25-35% for lung cancer, and it should be emphasized that children living in smoking families have an increased risk for bronchitis and respiratory infections.

#7. What are the Benefits of Quitting Smoking?

In the short term, after:

  1. 20 minutes, blood pressure and heart rate reach normal.
  2. 8 hours, reduction of CO in the blood, normal cell oxygenation.
  3. 24 hours, reduced chance of stroke, elimination of phlegm and smoke residues from the lungs.
  4. 48 hours, improved taste and odor.
  5. The body has no nicotine.
  6.  78 hours, improved breathing, bronchus released, increases energy.
Long term in:

  1. 3-9 months, respiratory problems recede.
  2. 1 year, halves the risk of cardiovascular problems.
  3. For 5 years, the risk of cancer of the mouth, throat and esophagus is reduced by half.
  4. For 10 years, the risk of lung cancer is reduced by half.
  5. And the risk of a heart attack is on a par with a non-smoker.

#8. What is the Key to Success?

The degree of disposition and motivation for interruption is a prime factor for success.

The decision to quit is the result of a process of maturation in thought that goes through different stages.

The smoker, after realizing the dangers, with information and expert advice, acquires a predisposition to quit, which is the stage that precedes the final decision.

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